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Verse (4:102), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventh word of verse (4:102) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A result particle, imperative particle and verb. The result particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate the result of a condition. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "let" and is used to form an imperative construction. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person feminine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)


(4:102:7)
faltaqum
then let stand
RSLT – prefixed result particle
IMPV – prefixed imperative particle lām
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
الفاء واقعة في جواب الشرط
اللام لام الامر
فعل مضارع مجزوم

Verse (4:102)

The analysis above refers to the 102nd verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: And when you are among them and lead them in prayer, let a group of them stand [in prayer] with you and let them carry their arms. And when they have prostrated, let them be [in position] behind you and have the other group come forward which has not [yet] prayed and let them pray with you, taking precaution and carrying their arms. Those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one [single] attack. But there is no blame upon you, if you are troubled by rain or are ill, for putting down your arms, but take precaution. Indeed, Allah has prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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