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Verse (49:12), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (49:12) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is hamza mīm nūn (أ م ن). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (49) sūrat l-ḥujurāt (The Dwellings)

O you who believe!
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (49:12)

The analysis above refers to the twelfth verse of chapter 49 (sūrat l-ḥujurāt):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds