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Verse (48:25), Word 34 - Quranic Grammar

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The 34th word of verse (48:25) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form V imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is zāy yā lām (ز ي ل). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (48) sūrat l-fatḥ (The Victory)


(48:25:34)
tazayyalū
they had been apart
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form V) imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (48:25)

The analysis above refers to the 25th verse of chapter 48 (sūrat l-fatḥ):

Sahih International: They are the ones who disbelieved and obstructed you from al-Masjid al-haram while the offering was prevented from reaching its place of sacrifice. And if not for believing men and believing women whom you did not know - that you might trample them and there would befall you because of them dishonor without [your] knowledge - [you would have been permitted to enter Makkah]. [This was so] that Allah might admit to His mercy whom He willed. If they had been apart [from them], We would have punished those who disbelieved among them with painful punishment

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

29th June, 2017

Should تَزَيَّلُوا not be فعل مضارع مجزوم because of شرط ?

Abdul Rahman

2nd July, 2017

The analysis is wrong. The verb here is in the 3rd person plural, NOT imperative, rather it is in perfect tense (maDhi). The analysis should be amended thus:

V – 3rd person masculine plural (form V) perfect verb

PRON – subject pronoun

The شرط is not jaazim, it has no effect on the verb which follows it.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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