The seventh word of verse (46:21) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is ḥā qāf fā (ح ق ف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 21st
verse of chapter 46 (sūrat
Sahih International: And mention, [O Muhammad], the brother of 'Aad, when he warned his people in the [region of] al-Ahqaf - and warners had already passed on before him and after him - [saying], "Do not worship except Allah. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a terrible day."
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