The seventh word of verse (40:7) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā mīm dāl (ح م د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the seventh
verse of chapter 40 (sūrat
Sahih International: Those [angels] who carry the Throne and those around it exalt [Allah] with praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who have believed, [saying], "Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented and followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire.
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