The tenth word of verse (40:7) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and personal pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The personal pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the seventh
verse of chapter 40 (sūrat
Sahih International: Those [angels] who carry the Throne and those around it exalt [Allah] with praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who have believed, [saying], "Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented and followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire.
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