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Verse (3:20), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar

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The sixth word of verse (3:20) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:20:6)
lillahi
to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:20)

The analysis above refers to the twentieth verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: So if they argue with you, say, "I have submitted myself to Allah [in Islam], and [so have] those who follow me." And say to those who were given the Scripture and [to] the unlearned, "Have you submitted yourselves?" And if they submit [in Islam], they are rightly guided; but if they turn away - then upon you is only the [duty of] notification. And Allah is Seeing of [His] servants.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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