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Verse (39:17), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (39:17) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person feminine singular.

Chapter (39) sūrat l-zumar (The Groups)

they worship them
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (39:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 39 (sūrat l-zumar):

Sahih International: But those who have avoided Taghut, lest they worship it, and turned back to Allah - for them are good tidings. So give good tidings to My servants

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds