The second word of verse (38:44) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine singular and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is yā dāl yā (ي د ي). The attached possessive pronoun is second person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 44th
verse of chapter 38 (sūrat
Sahih International: [We said], "And take in your hand a bunch [of grass] and strike with it and do not break your oath." Indeed, We found him patient, an excellent servant. Indeed, he was one repeatedly turning back [to Allah].
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