The fourth word of verse (38:24) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is sīn hamza lām (س أ ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 24th
verse of chapter 38 (sūrat
Sahih International: [David] said, "He has certainly wronged you in demanding your ewe [in addition] to his ewes. And indeed, many associates oppress one another, except for those who believe and do righteous deeds - and few are they." And David became certain that We had tried him, and he asked forgiveness of his Lord and fell down bowing [in prostration] and turned in repentance [to Allah].
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