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Verse (33:39), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar


The twelfth word of verse (33:39) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (33) sūrat l-aḥzāb (The Combined Forces)

And sufficient is Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (33:39)

The analysis above refers to the 39th verse of chapter 33 (sūrat l-aḥzāb):

Sahih International: [Allah praises] those who convey the messages of Allah and fear Him and do not fear anyone but Allah. And sufficient is Allah as Accountant.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds