The fourth word of verse (31:4) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is hamza tā yā (أ ت ي). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.
The analysis above refers to the fourth
verse of chapter 31 (sūrat
Sahih International: Who establish prayer and give zakah, and they, of the Hereafter, are certain [in faith].
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