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Verse (18:39), Word 12 - Quranic Grammar

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The twelfth word of verse (18:39) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)


(18:39:12)
bil-lahi
with Allah."
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (18:39)

The analysis above refers to the 39th verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: And why did you, when you entered your garden, not say, 'What Allah willed [has occurred]; there is no power except in Allah '? Although you see me less than you in wealth and children,

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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