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Verse (17:23), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourth word of verse (17:23) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (17) sūrat l-isrā (The Night Journey)


(17:23:4)
taʿbudū
worship
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (17:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 17 (sūrat l-isrā):

Sahih International: And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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