The twentieth word of verse (16:71) is divided into 4 morphological segments. An interrogative alif, supplemental particle, preposition and noun. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The supplemental particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is nūn ʿayn mīm (ن ع م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 71st
verse of chapter 16 (sūrat
Sahih International: And Allah has favored some of you over others in provision. But those who were favored would not hand over their provision to those whom their right hands possess so they would be equal to them therein. Then is it the favor of Allah they reject?
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