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Verse (13:16), Word 31 - Quranic Grammar

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The 31st word of verse (13:16) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)


(13:16:31)
lillahi
to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (13:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: Say, "Who is Lord of the heavens and earth?" Say, " Allah." Say, "Have you then taken besides Him allies not possessing [even] for themselves any benefit or any harm?" Say, "Is the blind equivalent to the seeing? Or is darkness equivalent to light? Or have they attributed to Allah partners who created like His creation so that the creation [of each] seemed similar to them?" Say, " Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Prevailing."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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