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Verse (12:31), Word 24 - Quranic Grammar

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The 24th word of verse (12:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)


(12:31:24)
lillahi
Allah,
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (12:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: So when she heard of their scheming, she sent for them and prepared for them a banquet and gave each one of them a knife and said [to Joseph], "Come out before them." And when they saw him, they greatly admired him and cut their hands and said, "Perfect is Allah ! This is not a man; this is none but a noble angel."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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