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Verse (100:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (100:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and active participle. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The active participle is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The active participle's triliteral root is ʿayn dāl wāw (ع د و). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (100) sūrat l-ʿādiyāt (Those That Run)

By the racers
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive feminine plural active participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (100:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 100 (sūrat l-ʿādiyāt):

Sahih International: By the racers, panting,

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds