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Verse (99:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (99) sūrat l-zalzalah (The Earthquake)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(99:1:1)
idhā
When
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(99:1:2)
zul'zilati
is shaken
V – 3rd person feminine singular passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(99:1:3)
l-arḍu
the earth
N – nominative feminine noun → Earth
اسم مرفوع
(99:1:4)
zil'zālahā
(with) its earthquake,
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(99:2:1)
wa-akhrajati
And brings forth
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض
(99:2:2)
l-arḍu
the earth
N – nominative feminine noun → Earth
اسم مرفوع
(99:2:3)
athqālahā
its burdens,
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(99:3:1)
waqāla
And says
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض
(99:3:2)
l-insānu
man,
N – nominative masculine noun
اسم مرفوع
(99:3:3)

"What
INTG – interrogative noun
اسم استفهام
(99:3:4)
lahā
(is) with it?"
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(99:4:1)
yawma-idhin
That Day,
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(99:4:2)
tuḥaddithu
it will report
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form II) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(99:4:3)
akhbārahā
its news,
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(99:5:1)
bi-anna
Because
P – prefixed preposition bi
ACC – accusative particle
حرف جر
حرف نصب من اخوات «ان»
(99:5:2)
rabbaka
your Lord
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(99:5:3)
awḥā
inspired
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) perfect verb
فعل ماض
(99:5:4)
lahā
[to] it.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(99:6:1)
yawma-idhin
That Day
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(99:6:2)
yaṣduru
will proceed
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(99:6:3)
l-nāsu
the mankind
N – nominative masculine plural noun
اسم مرفوع
(99:6:4)
ashtātan
(in) scattered groups
N – accusative masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(99:6:5)
liyuraw
to be shown
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) passive imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل
(99:6:6)
aʿmālahum
their deeds.
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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