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Verse (99:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (99:1) is a passive perfect verb (فعل ماض). The verb is third person feminine singular. The verb's quadriliteral root is zāy lām zāy lām (ز ل ز ل).

Chapter (99) sūrat l-zalzalah (The Earthquake)

is shaken
V – 3rd person feminine singular passive perfect verb فعل ماض مبني للمجهول

Verse (99:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 99 (sūrat l-zalzalah):

Sahih International: When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake

See Also

1 message

Asim Iqbal 2nd

17th June, 2011

Form is Q.I ,i.e., 1st form of the quadriliteral.

Brief explanation of Q.I

The 1st form the the Quadriliteral i.e. Q.I corresponds in formation and conjugation to II i.e. 2nd form of the triliterals and can be both transitive and intransitive in signification.


Lane's Lexicon, V3, P1242

Wright's Arabic Grammar Vol1, Page 48, and page 301 for the weights of this form passive voice also.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds