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Verse (90:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (90) sūrat l-balad (The City)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(90:1:1)

Nay!
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(90:1:2)
uq'simu
I swear
V – 1st person singular (form IV) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(90:1:3)
bihādhā
by this
P – prefixed preposition bi
DEM – masculine singular demonstrative pronoun
جار ومجرور
(90:1:4)
l-baladi
city,
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(90:2:1)
wa-anta
And you
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular personal pronoun
الواو عاطفة
ضمير منفصل
(90:2:2)
ḥillun
(are) free (to dwell)
N – nominative masculine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(90:2:3)
bihādhā
in this
P – prefixed preposition bi
DEM – masculine singular demonstrative pronoun
جار ومجرور
(90:2:4)
l-baladi
city.
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(90:3:1)
wawālidin
And the begetter
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive indefinite noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور
(90:3:2)
wamā
and what
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
REL – relative pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم موصول
(90:3:3)
walada
he begot.
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(90:4:1)
laqad
Certainly,
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
CERT – particle of certainty
اللام لام التوكيد
حرف تحقيق
(90:4:2)
khalaqnā
We have created
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(90:4:3)
l-insāna
man
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(90:4:4)

(to be) in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(90:4:5)
kabadin
hardship.
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(90:5:1)
ayaḥsabu
Does he think
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل مضارع
(90:5:2)
an
that
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(90:5:3)
lan
not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(90:5:4)
yaqdira
has power
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
فعل مضارع منصوب
(90:5:5)
ʿalayhi
over him
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(90:5:6)
aḥadun
anyone?
N – nominative masculine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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