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Verse (9:91), Word 17 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventeenth word of verse (9:91) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:91:17)
lillahi
to Allah
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (9:91)

The analysis above refers to the 91st verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: There is not upon the weak or upon the ill or upon those who do not find anything to spend any discomfort when they are sincere to Allah and His Messenger. There is not upon the doers of good any cause [for blame]. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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