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Verse (9:48), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (9:48) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form II perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf lām bā (ق ل ب). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

and had upset
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form II) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:48)

The analysis above refers to the 48th verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: They had already desired dissension before and had upset matters for you until the truth came and the ordinance of Allah appeared, while they were averse.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds