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Verse (9:11), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (9:11) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)


(9:11:3)
wa-aqāmū
and establish
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (9:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 9 (sūrat l-tawbah):

Sahih International: But if they repent, establish prayer, and give zakah, then they are your brothers in religion; and We detail the verses for a people who know.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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