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Verse (77:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (77:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and passive participle. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The form IV passive participle is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The passive participle's triliteral root is rā sīn lām (ر س ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (77) sūrat l-mur'salāt (Those sent forth)

By the ones sent forth,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive feminine plural (form IV) passive participle
جار ومجرور

Verse (77:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 77 (sūrat l-mur'salāt):

Sahih International: By those [winds] sent forth in gusts

See Also

3 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

24th July, 2015

Would you describe (77:1:1) وَالْمُرْسَلَاتِ as جار ومجرور, اسم الفاعل مجهول ?

Abdul Rahman

24th July, 2015

Yes, I would.

Abdul Rahman

25th July, 2015

Strictly speaking, "waw" is here not a preposition. It is a particle of oath as well as harf jaar.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds