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Verse (65:11), Word 18 - Quranic Grammar


The eighteenth word of verse (65:11) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (65) sūrat l-ṭalāq (The Divorce)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (65:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 65 (sūrat l-ṭalāq):

Sahih International: [He sent] a Messenger [Muhammad] reciting to you the distinct verses of Allah that He may bring out those who believe and do righteous deeds from darknesses into the light. And whoever believes in Allah and does righteousness - He will admit him into gardens beneath which rivers flow to abide therein forever. Allah will have perfected for him a provision.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds