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Verse (5:84), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (5:84) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (5:84)

The analysis above refers to the 84th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: And why should we not believe in Allah and what has come to us of the truth? And we aspire that our Lord will admit us [to Paradise] with the righteous people."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds