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Verse (5:34), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (5:34) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, verb and subject pronoun. The connective particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

then know
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (5:34)

The analysis above refers to the 34th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Except for those who return [repenting] before you apprehend them. And know that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds