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Verse (57:7), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (57:7) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (57) sūrat l-ḥadīd (The Iron)

in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (57:7)

The analysis above refers to the seventh verse of chapter 57 (sūrat l-ḥadīd):

Sahih International: Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds