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Verse (57:21), Word 14 - Quranic Grammar

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The fourteenth word of verse (57:21) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (57) sūrat l-ḥadīd (The Iron)


(57:21:14)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (57:21)

The analysis above refers to the 21st verse of chapter 57 (sūrat l-ḥadīd):

Sahih International: Race toward forgiveness from your Lord and a Garden whose width is like the width of the heavens and earth, prepared for those who believed in Allah and His messengers. That is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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