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Verse (51:56), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar

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The sixth word of verse (51:56) is divided into 4 morphological segments. A particle of purpose, verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The prefixed particle lām is used to indicate the purpose of an action and makes the following verb subjunctive. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the subjunctive mood (منصوب). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun. The of the first person singular object pronoun has been omitted due to elision (الياء محذوفة), and is indicated by the kasrah.

Chapter (51) sūrat l-dhāriyāt (The Wind that Scatter)


(51:56:6)
liyaʿbudūni
that they worship Me.
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 1st person singular object pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والياء المحذوفة ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (51:56)

The analysis above refers to the 56th verse of chapter 51 (sūrat l-dhāriyāt):

Sahih International: And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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