The seventh word of verse (4:36) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, preposition and noun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine dual and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is wāw lām dāl (و ل د). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 36th
verse of chapter 4 (sūrat
Sahih International: Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.
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