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Verse (4:135), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar


The eighth word of verse (4:135) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

to Allah,
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (4:135)

The analysis above refers to the 135th verse of chapter 4 (sūrat l-nisāa):

Sahih International: O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah , even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds