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Verse (45:4), Word 8 - Quranic Grammar


The eighth word of verse (45:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (45) sūrat l-jāthiyah (Crouching)

for a people
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (45:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 45 (sūrat l-jāthiyah):

Sahih International: And in the creation of yourselves and what He disperses of moving creatures are signs for people who are certain [in faith].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds