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Verse (44:23), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar

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The second word of verse (44:23) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is first person singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (44) sūrat l-dukhān (The Smoke)


(44:23:2)
biʿibādī
with My slaves
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والياء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (44:23)

The analysis above refers to the 23rd verse of chapter 44 (sūrat l-dukhān):

Sahih International: [Allah said], "Then set out with My servants by night. Indeed, you are to be pursued.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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