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Verse (42:38), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (42:38) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb and subject pronoun. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine plural. The verb's triliteral root is qāf wāw mīm (ق و م). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (42) sūrat l-shūrā (Consultation)

and establish
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (42:38)

The analysis above refers to the 38th verse of chapter 42 (sūrat l-shūrā):

Sahih International: And those who have responded to their lord and established prayer and whose affair is [determined by] consultation among themselves, and from what We have provided them, they spend.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds