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Verse (42:19), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (42:19) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ʿayn bā dāl (ع ب د). The attached possessive pronoun is third person masculine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (42) sūrat l-shūrā (Consultation)


(42:19:3)
biʿibādihi
with His slaves;
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (42:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 42 (sūrat l-shūrā):

Sahih International: Allah is Subtle with His servants; He gives provisions to whom He wills. And He is the Powerful, the Exalted in Might.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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