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Verse (3:52), Word 17 - Quranic Grammar

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The seventeenth word of verse (3:52) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:52:17)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:52)

The analysis above refers to the 52nd verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: But when Jesus felt [persistence in] disbelief from them, he said, "Who are my supporters for [the cause of] Allah ?" The disciples said," We are supporters for Allah. We have believed in Allah and testify that we are Muslims [submitting to Him].

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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