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Verse (3:180), Word 23 - Quranic Grammar

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The 23rd word of verse (3:180) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A resumption particle, preposition and proper noun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate a sequence of events. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (3) sūrat āl ʿim'rān (The Family of Imrān)


(3:180:23)
walillahi
And for Allah
REM – prefixed resumption particle
P – prefixed preposition lām
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
الواو استئنافية
جار ومجرور

Verse (3:180)

The analysis above refers to the 180th verse of chapter 3 (sūrat āl ʿim'rān):

Sahih International: And let not those who [greedily] withhold what Allah has given them of His bounty ever think that it is better for them. Rather, it is worse for them. Their necks will be encircled by what they withheld on the Day of Resurrection. And to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah , with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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