The nineteenth word of verse (39:38) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḍād rā rā (ض ر ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).
The analysis above refers to the 38th
verse of chapter 39 (sūrat
Sahih International: And if you asked them, "Who created the heavens and the earth?" they would surely say, " Allah." Say, "Then have you considered what you invoke besides Allah ? If Allah intended me harm, are they removers of His harm; or if He intended me mercy, are they withholders of His mercy?" Say, "Sufficient for me is Allah ; upon Him [alone] rely the [wise] reliers."
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