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Verse (30:16), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (30:16) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is feminine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza yā yā (أ ي ي). The attached possessive pronoun is first person plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (30) sūrat l-rūm (The Romans)

Our Signs
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine plural noun
PRON – 1st person plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (30:16)

The analysis above refers to the sixteenth verse of chapter 30 (sūrat l-rūm):

Sahih International: But as for those who disbelieved and denied Our verses and the meeting of the Hereafter, those will be brought into the punishment [to remain].

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