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Verse (27:49), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar

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The third word of verse (27:49) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (27) sūrat l-naml (The Ants)


(27:49:3)
bil-lahi
by Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (27:49)

The analysis above refers to the 49th verse of chapter 27 (sūrat l-naml):

Sahih International: They said, "Take a mutual oath by Allah that we will kill him by night, he and his family. Then we will say to his executor, 'We did not witness the destruction of his family, and indeed, we are truthful.' "

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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