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Verse (27:40), Word 25 - Quranic Grammar


The 25th word of verse (27:40) is divided into 2 morphological segments. An interrogative alif and verb. The prefixed alif is an interrogative particle used to form a question and is usually translated as "is", "are", or "do". The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is first person singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is shīn kāf rā (ش ك ر).

Chapter (27) sūrat l-naml (The Ants)

whether I am grateful
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 1st person singular imperfect verb
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل مضارع

Verse (27:40)

The analysis above refers to the 40th verse of chapter 27 (sūrat l-naml):

Sahih International: Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, "I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you." And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, "This is from the favor of my Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. And whoever is grateful - his gratitude is only for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever is ungrateful - then indeed, my Lord is Free of need and Generous."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds