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Verse (27:35), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (27:35) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hā dāl yā (ه د ي). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (27) sūrat l-naml (The Ants)

a gift
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (27:35)

The analysis above refers to the 35th verse of chapter 27 (sūrat l-naml):

Sahih International: But indeed, I will send to them a gift and see with what [reply] the messengers will return."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds