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Verse (22:78), Word 38 - Quranic Grammar

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The 38th word of verse (22:78) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is in the genitive case (مجرور). The proper noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (22) sūrat l-ḥaj (The Pilgrimage)


(22:78:38)
bil-lahi
to Allah.
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور

Verse (22:78)

The analysis above refers to the 78th verse of chapter 22 (sūrat l-ḥaj):

Sahih International: And strive for Allah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Abraham. Allah named you “Muslims” before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establish prayer and give zakah and hold fast to Allah. He is your protector; and excellent is the protector, and excellent is the helper.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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