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Verse (21:59), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (21:59) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza lām hā (أ ل ه). The attached possessive pronoun is first person plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (21) sūrat l-anbiyāa (The Prophets)


(21:59:5)
biālihatinā
to our gods?
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 1st person plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (21:59)

The analysis above refers to the 59th verse of chapter 21 (sūrat l-anbiyāa):

Sahih International: They said, "Who has done this to our gods? Indeed, he is of the wrongdoers."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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