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Verse (20:87), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar

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The fifth word of verse (20:87) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm lām kāf (م ل ك). The attached possessive pronoun is first person plural. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (20) sūrat ṭā hā


(20:87:5)
bimalkinā
by our will,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 1st person plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (20:87)

The analysis above refers to the 87th verse of chapter 20 (sūrat ṭā hā):

Sahih International: They said, "We did not break our promise to you by our will, but we were made to carry burdens from the ornaments of the people [of Pharaoh], so we threw them [into the fire], and thus did the Samiri throw."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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