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Verse (20:116), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (20:116) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine plural and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is mīm lām kāf (م ل ك). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (20) sūrat ṭā hā

to the Angels,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (20:116)

The analysis above refers to the 116th verse of chapter 20 (sūrat ṭā hā):

Sahih International: And [mention] when We said to the angels, "Prostrate to Adam," and they prostrated, except Iblees; he refused.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds