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Verse (18:31), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (18:31) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The passive form II imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ḥā lām yā (ح ل ي). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

They will be adorned
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form II) passive imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل

Verse (18:31)

The analysis above refers to the 31st verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: Those will have gardens of perpetual residence; beneath them rivers will flow. They will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold and will wear green garments of fine silk and brocade, reclining therein on adorned couches. Excellent is the reward, and good is the resting place.

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Language Research Group
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