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Verse (18:22), Word 20 - Quranic Grammar


The twentieth word of verse (18:22) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and object pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is ʿayn lām mīm (ع ل م). The attached object pronoun is third person masculine plural.

Chapter (18) sūrat l-kahf (The Cave)

knows them
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل مضارع و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (18:22)

The analysis above refers to the 22nd verse of chapter 18 (sūrat l-kahf):

Sahih International: They will say there were three, the fourth of them being their dog; and they will say there were five, the sixth of them being their dog - guessing at the unseen; and they will say there were seven, and the eighth of them was their dog. Say, [O Muhammad], "My Lord is most knowing of their number. None knows them except a few. So do not argue about them except with an obvious argument and do not inquire about them among [the speculators] from anyone."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds